Posts in Pinocchio
The Washington Post's Pinocchio Test
One Pinocchio

Some shading of the facts. Selective telling of the truth. Some omissions and exaggerations, but no outright falsehoods. (You could view this as “mostly true.”)

Two Pinocchios

Significant omissions and/or exaggerations. Some factual error may be involved but not necessarily. A politician can create a false, misleading impression by playing with words and using legalistic language that means little to ordinary people. (Similar to “half true.”)

Three Pinocchios

Significant factual error and/or obvious contradictions. This gets into the realm of “mostly false.” But it could include statements which are technically correct (such as based on official government data) but are so taken out of context as to be very misleading. The line between Two and Three can be bit fuzzy and we do not award half-Pinocchios. So we strive to explain the factors that tipped us toward a Three.

Four Pinocchios


Pinocchio gets a bad wrap for being a liar considering this is only one small (although iconic) part of the movie.

The Washington Post Fact Checker

Offscreen to the Right
Early animation tended to stay within the frame. In “Fantasia” and especially “Pinocchio,” Disney broke out of the frame, for example in the exciting sequence where Pinocchio and his father are expelled by the whale’s sneeze, then drawn back again, then expelled again. There is the palpable sense of Monstro the Whale, offscreen to the right.
— Roger Ebert

Read the full review. It's very good.

Hidden Art in Gothic Cathedrals
But if the roof carvings cannot be seen, to whom are their stories being told? Why was such craftsmanship expended on them, and such planning given to their content and narrative? Rose writes: “The most lofty work is as carefully carved and skillfully finished as any at a lower level.”

The best he offers by way of an answer to this mystery is to propose that this care and skill reflect “not just a feeling of self-respect on the part of the sculptor, but a belief that his work was an essential part of the whole building of the church which was for the worship and praise of God.” It seems that communication was not the primary purpose.
— Christopher Andreae

Source: The Christian Science Monitor

See also: Art History Timeline 14-Gothic Architecture, a short lecture with lots of beautiful images from Dr. Jeanne Willette of Otis College of Art and Design on iTunesU. She makes mention at the end of the art made to be seen only by God.

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis

Magic that trains toward a Christian metaphysics.

The Professor is the happy ending to Alice's story. The adult who experiences the magic of childhood, and then encourages it in the next generation of children. 

“Logic!" said the Professor half to himself. "Why don't they teach logic at these schools? There are only three possibilities. Either your sister is telling lies, or she is mad, or she is telling the truth. You know she doesn't tell lies and it is obvious that she is not mad. For the moment then and unless any further evidence turns up, we must assume that she is telling the truth.”
But how could it be true, sir?” said Peter.
“Why do you say that?” asked the Professor.
“Well, for one thing,” said Peter, “if it was real why doesn’t everyone find this country every time they go to the wardrobe? I mean, there was nothing there when we looked; even Lucy didn’t pretend there was.”
“What has that to do with it?” said the Professor.
“Well, sir, if things are real, they’re there all the time.”
“Are they?” said the Professor; and Peter did not know quite what to say.
“But there was no time,” said Susan. “Lucy had had no time to have gone anywhere, even if there was such a place. She came running after us the very moment we were out of the room. It was less than a minute, and she pretended to have been away for hours.”
“That is the very thing that makes her story so likely to be true,” said the Professor. “If there really is a door in this house that leads to some other world (and I should warn you that this is a very strange house, and even I know very little about it)—if, I say, she had got into another world, I should not be at all surprised to find that the other world had a separate time of its own; so that however long you stayed there it would never take up any of our time. On the other hand, I don’t think many girls of her age would invent that idea for themselves. If she had been pretending, she would have hidden for a reasonable time before coming out and telling her story.”
“But do you really mean, sir,” said Peter, “that there could be other worlds—all over the place, just round the corner—like that?”
“Nothing is more probable,” said the Professor, taking off his spectacles and beginning to polish them, while he muttered to himself, “I wonder what they do teach them at these schools.”

Tending the Heart of Virtue: How Classic Stories Awaken a Childs Moral Imagination by Vigen Guroian

Is stubbornness a more accurate representation of childhood than naïveté? Does stubbornness provide more interesting moral quandaries? 

Christianity Today subscribers can read an excerpt from Guroian's chapter on Pinocchio here